Will Iran become a democracy by the end of 2040?

Criteria for Resolution:

1. Democracy Definition: Iran must undergo significant political changes resulting in a form of government characterized by free and fair elections, protection of civil liberties, political pluralism, and the rule of law.

2. Verification of Democratic Status:

- Free and Fair Elections: Iran must hold national elections that are widely recognized as free and fair by reputable international organizations, such as the United Nations, the European Union, or credible NGOs like Freedom House or the Carter Center.

- Civil Liberties: There must be substantial evidence of the protection of civil liberties, including freedom of speech, press, assembly, and religion, as reported by reputable human rights organizations.

- Political Pluralism: Multiple political parties must be able to operate without undue restriction, and opposition parties must have a genuine chance to compete for power.

- Rule of Law: The government must demonstrate adherence to the rule of law, with an independent judiciary and measures to prevent corruption and abuses of power.

Data Sources for Verification:

- International Organizations: Reports and statements from the United Nations, European Union, and other reputable international bodies.

- Human Rights Organizations: Assessments and reports from organizations such as Freedom House, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International.

- Election Observers: Findings from election observation missions conducted by credible NGOs like the Carter Center or the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

- Reputable News Outlets: Coverage and analysis from recognized news organizations like BBC, Reuters, The New York Times, etc.

By including these detailed criteria, the question ensures that the evaluation of whether Iran becomes a democracy by the end of 2040 is specific, measurable, and unambiguous. Let me know if further adjustments are needed.

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